Breast cancer is one of the most commonly spread cancer types in women. Additionally, it is reported to be the main cause of female cancer death after lung cancer. The investigations and considerable results in screening and treatment methods have drastically improved the survival rate, though many women still suffer from the condition.
Being aware of breast cancer symptoms and risk factors can help a woman to prevent the condition appearance and guarantee its fast and effective treatment. Despite it is mainly a female disorder, males can get affected by breast cancer, as well.
To understand breast cancer, it is important to realize the process of its appearance. After puberty, female breast consists of connective tissue, fat and small glands, which produce milk for breastfeeding.
Ducts or tubes carry the milk from the lobules to the nipple. While affected by cancer the body cells start multiplying uncontrollably. Generally, breast cancer can be divided into:
- Lobular carcinoma appears within the lobules and is a rare condition.
- Ductal carcinoma, which starts in the mild duct. The condition is the most common type of breast cancer in women.
Additionally, breast cancer can be:
- Invasive, when cancer cells break from the inside the ducts and lobules and spread to the nearby tissues advancing the risk of expansion to other parts of the body.
- Non-invasive, when cancer cells stay inside the affected area. Nevertheless, this type of the cancer can easily develop into the invasive one.
Symptoms of Devastating Health Condition
Timely diagnosing of breast cancer increases your chances of successful treatment. The first symptoms of cancer appear on the area of thickened breast tissue, in the armpit or breast lump. Be aware of all the possible signs of breast cancer development in order to prevent its complications:
- Rash around the nipples;
- Pain in the breast or armpit, which does not disappear for a long time;
- Inverted or sunken nipple;
- Bloody nipple discharge;
- Redness or pitting of the breast skin;
- Changing of the breast size or shape;
- Flecking, peeling or scaling of the breast skin.
Women in the Risk Group of Cancer Development
Once you have noticed any symptoms of breast cancer development, you need to immediately seek medical help and start diagnosing and treating the disorder.
You need to pay ultimate attention to possible cancer symptoms, if you are in the risk group of breast cancer development. Usually, this cancer type starts within the inner lining of the lobules or milk ducts.
Then, the issue can spread to other parts of the body. Despite the exact cause of the condition occurrence is not investigated so far, there are several risk factors, which can contribute to it, including:
- Recent history of breast lumps or cancer;
- Breastfeeding and estrogen exposure;
- Dense breast tissue;
- Radiation exposure;
- Excess body weight;
- Hormonal treatments;
- Alcohol abuse and others.
Having any of this condition, you need to follow specific safety recommendations. Certain restrictions and contraindications will help prevent the condition development and its aggravation.
Additionally, it is important to mind that women with breast implants have a higher risk of fatal outcomes if diagnosed with cancer than patients with natural breasts.
Diagnosing and Treating the Disorder
Once you have arranged an appointment with a doctor after you have noticed the first symptoms of condition development, you have higher chances to eliminate complications and get a proper treatment. Diagnosis of breast cancer frequently occurs as a result of usual screening. Certain diagnostic procedures and tests help confirm the issue.
Traditionally, breast cancer can be diagnosed using the following procedures:
- Imaging tests;
- Breast exam;
If the diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor will prescribe individual treatment, based on your health state and personal health peculiarities. Generally, specifications of the treatment course will depend on numerous factors, including:
- Type of breast cancer;
- Personal sensitivity to hormones;
- Stage of cancer;
- Age and general health state.
Apart from surgery, chemotherapy and other procedures, a patient is likely to be prescribed with special cancer treatments.
Nolvadex is one of the most potential medications taken by women with breast cancer. Due to its potential composition, the remedy helps not only to treat the disorder, but also prevent the condition appearance in females, who are in the risk group.
Besides, Nolvadex can decrease the chances of cancer spreading to the other breast, once one has been affected with cancer.